G.V. Pozdnjak, A.N. Krajukhin, G.F. Kravchenko
The volume 2 “The Nature. Ecology” is a component of the National Atlas of Russia created as the official state edition according to the assignment of the Russian Federation Government. The volume is intended for wide use in economic, administrative, scientific, educational and other kinds of activity. The objects of mapping in the volume are environment, natural resources and the environmental condition of the
cartographical and written material reflecting general characteristics of the
The section “Evolution of the natural environment”
is devoted to a theme of the geographical environment evolution in
The information on the geological structure of
The maps describing a geomorphologic structure
and zoning of
The section “Climate” consists of maps set and schemes reflecting spatial
distribution of climatic characteristics over the
The section “Land water” contains the maps and charts displaying a hydrographical network, catchment’s basins with allocation of surface and underground waters resources.
The section “Snow. Ice. Permafrost” is devoted to glaciological and cryopedological conditions and snow – ice resources. The resulted data on a modern glaciations and a long-term Permafrost development, on dangerous snow – ice resources is given there.
The information in the section “Sea” is
presented physical, chemical and hydrological characteristics of the seas
The section “Vegetation” includes set of maps reflecting features of the modern vegetative cover. The special attention is given to resources of a vegetative cover.
The information in the section “Fauna” is resulted on specific variety of ground and water animals (mammals, fishes, amphibians and reptiles) and also birds.
The section “Landscapes” is presented by maps and the space pictures displaying modern variety of landscapes with reflection of landscape structures and with materials about their seasonal rhythms and hydrothermal seasonal phases. Maps of physiographic zoning and maps of the population natural condition of life are included in the section.
The section “Environment condition” is
devoted to a theme of ecological conditions formation in
Maps of the environment protection and
optimization of wildlife management are included in the section “Wildlife
management”. The more
detailed information is
presented in the section about especially protected natural territories of the
international, federal and regional levels. The maps devoted to nature
protection system and participation of
The final “Reference section” includes the dictionary of terms and the sources of the information (literary, cartographic, and statistical).