NUUz, Faculty of Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre, Tashkent, Uzbekistan


     Atlas is a fundamental analytical report and the illustrated cartographical demonstration of the information materials about political and  economic, natural and ecological and socio-historical peculirities of the certain territory  administrative division unit. Atlas, being a cartographic product of a universal purpose, allows generalizing scientific and technical achievements of all science and technique branches. Basic principles of atlas creation are integrity, complexity, integrativity,  a combination of historical and dynamic approaches serving  in representation of objects and  phenomena.

     The atlas in the nation scale is a mirror of all human being vital activity sphere  in separately taken country, reflecting its history, the present and the future, that is why national atlases of various purpose, scale and forms on the informational materials representation are created in all developed countries.

     Creation National Atlas of  Uzbekistan (NAUz)  is dictated by the fact, that after finding independence all Republic political conditions have cardinally changed. The international and national legal bases for perfection natural and ecological, economic, socially-management systems have been constructed. For 14 years of independence the attitude to natural and social environment has changed, the evolution of market economy on the democratic principles basis has begun. Estimation of historic facts during short historical period has radically changed, technical-and-economic indexes of economy, patterns of ownership became others. The analogous processes which are passing in the former Union Republics, stimulated development of some national atlases, for example in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, etc.

     Acute necessity for creation of the independent Uzbekistan National atlas has ripened  purpose becomes a synthesis of the informational materials describing natural, economic, socio-historical, ecological condition of Uzbekistan for scientifically-informational, methodical and factological supports of various branches of economy.

     The Uzbekistan National Atlas will differ from earlier published atlases of Republic Uzbekistan (1963 and 1985) on following parameters: As much as possible wide subjects, high level of the informational capacity, the account of new scientific concepts and rules in different branches of knowledge, high quality of design and the publication.

     Besides it will be reflected for the first time:

     - new aspects of Uzbekistan people historical development and their statehood;

     - achievements of economy branches; last years transformations in country social life;

     - a role of non-governmental economy, including dehkan and farms in agricultural industry;

     - extent of natural resource use;

     - volume of foreign investments into a national economy and individual share of joint ventures;

     - structural changes in sphere of farming industry i.e. demonopolization of cotton crop and maintenance of the country population of the with products of the first necessity;

     - a place of Republic in the international community;

     - expansion of external communications with foreign countries and international organizations;

     - basic changes in the fields of education, culture, bank and trading sphere, in services sector.

     Statistical data on districts, areas, regions and republic are partially collected for development of such atlas there are also as well as the maps and charts describing natural resources and branches of economy; the scientifically-methodical literature and the newest materials on Uzbekistan history.

     The atlas will consist of two volumes. The first volume has the name «The Environment and Natural Resources of Uzbekistan», the second volume is named as «History of the Uzbekistan population and economy »; both volumes include 22 sections, about 400 maps with total amount of 50.0 printer sheets.