VALUE OF HERITAGE MAPS IN THE STUDY AND PRESERVATION OF NATURAL AND HISTORICAL-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT

Ju.A. Vedenin, V.K. Bronnikova, A.I. Elchaninov

D.S. Likhachev Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage

heritage@mtu-net.ru

 

The outlined tendency to use economic and legal methods of a society mutual relations regulation and the nature, the person and the socio-cultural environment of its dwelling dictates necessity of mapping system for products of different type, purpose and the territorial scope, devoted to the problem of heritage. Heritage maps are the basis for revealing, studying, restoration, preservation and use of cultural and natural heritage objects.

Value of heritage maps increases and becomes actual in connection with destruction of historical-cultural and natural environment (its destruction and re-profiling objects of industrial, cultural and other purpose, ploughing up lands, cottage and road construction, etc.), exceeding of allowable loading on the territory, etc.

These maps are collection of the existential information on archeologic, architectural, historical monuments and memorials of monumental art, and also natural, cultural and cultural heritages-natural objects in the form of certain symbols. Special map content consists of three sections: natural heritage, cultural heritage, and cultural-natural heritage.

The presented systematization of heritage objects is reflected in heritage map legends, completed already for various territories (Novaya Zemlia, Vaigach, cities like Moscow and Ufa, the Yaroslavl region, Shatura district, Bashkortostan republic) and maps of the National atlas of Russia (volume 4 " History. Culture "), that are in process now.

These maps open new prospects in studying and preservation of region nature, history and culture as well as separate areas. For example, in Shatura district, before publishing of the map Shatura District of the Moscow Region. Cultural and Natural Heritage, only archaeological monuments were preserved on federal and regional levels. After map publication churches in Vlasov, Tugoles, Serednikovo were also covered by regional preservation. Putting of the historical glass production in Misheronski settlement and its surroundings is being reviewed now.

Heritage maps for the first time present huge fact sheet on natural and cultural heritage of Russia certain regions. An important point in the innovative policy of of national heritage preservation is application of new technologies regarding computer process of map compiling with a view of convenience of their operative use.

They are intended for control system in the field of culture management, for workers of design and restoration organizations, they will help to settle problems to preserve unique heritage of certain district and the territory original image, when working out programs of preservation and development of historical cultural and natural environment, helping participation of self-government institutions and population in settling territorial problems.They will serve for teaching and educational purposes in various educational institutions, especially nowadays, when there are processes of destruction of historical cultural and natural environment everywhere and the questions of land sale are discussed.

These maps are necessary when estimation of land cost and developments of sale conditions, as well as measures, directed towards strengthening of positive and mitigation of negative consequences for territories.