ADMINISTRATIVE EVOLUTION OF CAMEROON DURING COLONIAL PERIOD (1894-1960): AND IT’S EFFECTS ON NOWADAYS ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION
M. Tchindjang1, P. Atangana2, J. Amougou3, A. Bopda4, E. Esseck5, P.B.E. Messi1
1 - The University of Yaounde I, Department of Geography, Yaounde, Cameroon
2 - Ministry of secondary Education, Baccaluareat Board, Yaounde, Cameroun
3 - Ministry of Environment and the Protection of the Nature, Climate Change Direction, Yaounde Cameroon
4 - Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, National Institute of Cartography, Departement of Geographical Rsearch, Yaounde, Cameroon
5 - Ministry of Employment, Yaounde, Cameroon
Administrative evolution of Cameroon came from colonisation. Because administrative splitting of a country deeply and durably marked the territories and soil; and, its timelessness is a proof of that of states or political system. If administrative splitting aims at putting together central administration and population by a dense network of administrative centres, the colonial aim of multiplication and crumbling away of administrative centres was to have a regular and sustainable control in resistances zones. The result is that Cameroon holds 28 districts in 1911. With this, we are not far from the situation in 1960 with 21 administrative regions. So this mapping is useful to understand the succession of governments that benefit from this rules and measures to split the region in which area are too small to be broken down again as the North West, south West, West and Littoral provinces of Cameroon that totalise not more than 25% of the total area of the country. However this situation is the same in many African countries and its results in civil war and social conflicts.