THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS FOR TACTILE
L. Hasty, D. Spence
Braille Authority of
Students who are braille readers often have difficulty interpreting information in textbooks when presented in a graphic format. Design and production techniques vary widely among braille textbook production agencies. Teaching students the skills needed to interpret graphics is difficult for teachers because of lack of consistency in how information is presented. Because textbooks include significant amounts of content presented in graphic form, a need to establish consistent presentation for readers was recognized.
Through a joint project, the Braille
Authority of North America and the Canadian Braille Authority have established
guidelines for design and standards for production of tactile graphics,
covering a broad spectrum of academic subject areas and production methods and
media. The project began by reviewing all available relevant literature and
research, followed by a research project, Graphics Research and Standards
Project (GRASP) conducted by the joint committee and
This presentation will provide an overview of each of the topics covered in the Guidelines and Standards and review the research findings. Participants will have the opportunity to ask questions and offer comments about guidelines being used in their country.