THE PROBLEMS OF TOPONIMICS IN CARTOGRAPHY
First Russian Private Cartographic Editing House “Karta” (St.-Petersburg)
The problems of toponymy are well known among cartographers. They can be divided on groups:
- general problems
- the problems of large- and small-scale cartography
- the problems of Russian language milieu and problems of translating and transcription of place names
- actual problems.
The external and internal problems of toponymy in cartography are discussed .
All forms of toponyms on maps are discussed: both traditional, transcriptional, transliteratural and transliteral.
The national and political interests in toponymy on maps are picked out.
All problems are examined separately by aspects: pragmatical, semantical, synthaxical and historical.
The connection of toponym with map legend and map symbol are also examined.
Some ways of problems resolving are suggested.