THE PROBLEMS OF TOPONIMICS IN CARTOGRAPHY

 

Y. Artemyev

First Russian Private Cartographic Editing House Karta (St.-Petersburg)

karta_spb@mail.ru

 

The problems of toponymy are well known among cartographers. They can be divided on groups:

-          general problems

-          the problems of large- and small-scale cartography

-          the problems of Russian language milieu and problems of translating and transcription of place names

-          actual problems.

The external and internal problems of toponymy in cartography are discussed .

All forms of toponyms on maps are discussed: both traditional, transcriptional, transliteratural and transliteral.

The national and political interests in toponymy on maps are picked out.

All problems are examined separately by aspects: pragmatical, semantical, synthaxical and historical.

The connection of toponym with map legend and map symbol are also examined.

Some ways of problems resolving are suggested.