ATLAS INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIES
V.S. Tikunov, T.S. Nokelaynen, I.N. Rubanov
Spatial data infrastructure (SDI) may form a reliable basis of integrated digital territory models (IDTM). It is necessary for elaboration of sustainable development models for these territories. First of all, these are the digital model of territory considered as virtual reality model, supplemented with a set of remote sensing data and with a number of thematic layers, socio-demographic, economic, ecologic etc.
It is convenient to form integrated digital models on the basis of atlas information or directly within the atlas information systems (AIS). Such systems are usually provided with well-developed modelling functions, they are capable of integrating expert systems and could be designed as full-scale multimedia products. AIS allow integration of diverse information resources, modelling, visualisation and analysis, as well as the elaboration of various scenarios and possible development alternatives for such complex systems as those of nature-society-economy.
The design of an atlas information system for environmentally
sustainable development is briefly as follows. Upper block of the
hierarchically composed system describes the position and role of
The middle block (country level) would be devoted to the anthropogenic
pressure and environment sustainability of
An important block will describe
models of transfer to sustainable development for the regions of
The information system allows evaluation of different of international
and regional projects. In the case of Altai region, for example, man would
analyze alternative development strategies if proposed Shanghai-Rotterdam
railway cross its territory. At present this Trans-Eurasian transportation
corridor is planned along the ancient
Sustainable development studies require the analysis of almost all
thematic aspects which should be realized in the atlas information system.
Several thematic animations were developed which permit retrospective analysis:
Changes of arable and forest lands within the regions of Russia for recent
three centuryies, Development of the city network in Russia, Changes in
population density in Russia during 1678 to 2011, Development of metallurgy in
Russia during the 18th to 20th centuries and Development
of railway network (expansion and electrification) in 19th and 20th
centuries. The latter two being the first stage in the elaboration of a complex
animation “Development of industry and transport in
The work has begun that would allow to compile their (÷üèõ? ïîëüçîâàòåëåé?) own cartographic products using the basic map and the data acquired through the Internet. The means of modeling would be developed, mainly for the elaboration of different scenarios of transition to the sustainable development for particular regions of the country. Final stage of the project would be the intellectualization of the whole system which allows produce the comprehensive system of decision-making support.
Within the project the above-mentioned blocks were illustrated by a number of examples providing for the rough description of the situation and the development of recommendations on sustainable development of some regions of the country.