GIS FOR THE TERRITORIAL CENTERS OF MONITORING

A.I.Kozlov1, V.G.Kobernichenko2, S.V.Serebrjakov3, V.V.Gusev3

1 GU GO and ChS on Sverdlovsk area

2 The Ural State Technical University

3 FGUP Uralgeoinform

ugi@ugi.ru

 

GIS are realized the priorities of the territorial risks monitoring of extreme situations centers (TC) management activity automation basically in a mode of daily activity and a mode of the raised readiness, i.e.

  • Gathering, the analysis of the information on extreme situations sources (ChS);
  • Development of ChS forecasts and their consequences for territory;
  • Creation and maintenance of information system and databank on extreme situations in territory;
  • Supply with information of administrative decisions on prevention and liquidations of extreme situations

For creation GIS the tool system Ingeo-Inmeta, developed by The Center of system researches Integro was used.

A digital cartographical base with the put thematic layers, the applied software on consequences of extreme situations (ChS) modeling are under control of the GIS-environment Ingeo, and the map documents print comes true.

In SUBD the MS SQL-server is used for storage of databases.

Digital maps in all scale range (1:10000 1:1000000) are created in uniform coordinates system on the uniform qualifier and uniform rules of the digital description.

Digital maps form a basis for plotting thematic layers, ChS modeling, and fulfillment of the spatial analysis.

Thematic layers are created on the basis of the tabulated, text, graphic information, databases, results of modeling with the purpose of situation appreciation and the ChS risks forecast. The qualifier is developed for display of thematic layers.

The programs realizing following techniques are developed for maintenance of operative forecasting the failures development on potentially dangerous objects:

  • Forecasting of scales of a contamination by strong poisonous substances at failures (destructions) on chemically dangerous objects and transport,
  • Calculation of emissions of deleterious substances in the atmosphere at free burning of oil and mineral oil.
  • Estimation of failures on fire-explosive objects consequences.
  • Estimation of forest fires consequences.
  • Estimation of hurricanes consequences.
  • Estimation of chemical failures consequences
  • Estimation of fuel-air mixes emergency explosions consequences

Results of modeling are kept (can be collected) in a DB, the calculated zones of defeats can be removed from a digital cartographical basis and then restored from the DB.

For the Ingeo environment the Uralgeoinform experts have developed programs of routes definition and constructions of a relief three-dimensional model for the zones forecast of an inundation at high waters and flooding.

GIS information component under MS SQL-server control contains the following databases:

  • Register of potentially dangerous objects
  • Data on extreme situations
  • Data on GOChS forces and means
  • Referenced data

All DBs are stored on a server. Access of users to a DB comes true through Internet Explorer.