OF MUNICIPAL FORMATION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEMS
Gareev R.K., Petrov B.G., Mavlyautdinova G.S., Faskhutdinov M.G.
reform spent in our country last years, has led to that institutions of the local
government. It can dispose of the land reserves, minerals, fauna, water, wood
and other natural resources within the limits of the given competence. It is
organized and carried out direct in subordinated territory, or through the
authorized bodies the control over execution of the legislation by all
enterprises, establishments and the organizations, irrespective of patterns of
ownership and a field of activity. In the
Proceeding from understanding of geoinformation technologies as a system which structure includes components for gathering, transfers, storages, processings and deliveries of the information on the territory, there is a question on application of digital technologies in the organizational-administrative sector. The basic function of such system becomes optimization of the management by municipal formations.
During creation of the geoinformation system uniting databases of various departments, it will be necessary to solve following problems:
- functioning system in real time on the basis of the distributed computer network;
- a choice of the uniform standard for gathering, storages, processings and data transmission:
- an opportunity of the received information analysis and modelling of situations;
- creation of electronic topographic cards in scale of 1:1000 up to 1:100000, scope of territory 1000 km2.
Increasing of an overall
performance of a control system in
The following problems should be solved as a result of the given work:
1. The uniform certificated
digital cartographic basis in the scale of 1:200000 on the
adhered level-by-level thematic objects describing parameters of the social and
economic development, a condition of an environment and resource potential of
3. The directory cartographic subsystem, allowing combining the information from a departmental database with a cartographic basis and thematic layers.
Thematic layers should contain the objects in the following basic directions:
Objects of the thematic layers should be connected with the information of controls. All thematic information should be presented in a cut of municipal formations.
The spectrum of geoinformation systems using in the management of municipal formations is wide: from the city planning to operative management at extreme situations. Optimum decisions of problems are accepted in a view of the greatest possible factors, for example: a level of disease, criminal conditions or intensity of motor transport on the roads.