GENDER-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN THE MAP USE OF IN-VEHICLE
University, Department of Geography, Tokyo, Japan
Since the 1990s, in-vehicle navigation
system (IVNS) has rapidly become pervasive across Japan. Currently, various types of
maps are used in Japanese IVNS, such as 2-D or 3-D maps, bird’s-eye view,
diagrams, and satellite images, instead of turn-by-turn displays. In addition,
drivers can choose map orientation between north-up and heading-up dividing the
display into different types of maps. Such a wide range of mapping styles can
be accustomed to the diversity of driving situation and driver’s preferences.
Nevertheless, little is known about how drivers use these types of maps. The
aim of this study is to examine the variations in the map use of IVNS.
Specifically, attention is focused on gender-related differences because recent
growth of the number of female drivers may diversify the use of IVNS maps. We
analyzed data from an Internet questionnaire survey of drivers living in Tokyo
Metropolitan Area (n=537). A focus group interview to several drivers was also
conducted to get further information on the use of IVNS maps. The results of
the analysis revealed that female drivers tend to use landmark information and
heading-up display though their preferred styles of maps vary with the driving
situation. These can be entirely explained by the findings of the previous
studies on gender-related differences of spatial cognition.